ELECTRIC VEHICLE INDUSTRY AND INDIA

India and Electric vehicle history

During the period of the freedom struggle, the Automobile revolution started in India. Bajaj motors then known as M/s Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited started importing and selling two-wheelers and three-wheelers.
The first electric car was launched in India by the Reva Electric car company but later it was acquired by Mahindra and Mahindra. This car has been sold in 26 countries with more than 4000 units. Another Electric car that got popular in India was electric hatchback e2o this was also sold in record number not only in India but also in the UK.
Those are about electric cars. if we talk about electric bikes, Ranges of present Electric bikes are similar to Indian Electric cars now ( 150-200 km/full charge).
Ather, Ultraviolett and Emflux are the present famous known companies for electric bikes. One interesting thing is that all their headquarters are in Bangalore.
Ather 450, scooter which was launched by Ather energy which has a range from 70-100km for a complete charge.
Emflux one, Bike which will be launching in 2020 by Emflux motors. This bike a range about 200 km.
Battery technology?!
Currently, manufacturers using Lithium-Ion batteries all around the world. But looking at all the factors like recharging time, capacity and cost companies are trying to build futuristic long-ranging batteries.
Charging stations?!
There are two kinds of charging AC and DC. for public charging point, we use DC current since we need fast charging. In-home we AC current which will take up to 2-3 hours.
Solar rooftop technology, when you charging your vehicle at home, we can use a solar rooftop system so that we can save up to a considerable amount of cost of electricity.
Battery swapping is another promising charging technology for the EVs. 90% of electric vehicles sold in 2019 are two-wheelers. Battery swapping can be the best charging option for the two-wheelers. Battery swapping is the process of exchanging batteries in the charging station. This technology looks promising since it will not make a customer wait for half an hour to get his bike charged instead he can quickly replace his empty battery with a charged one.

Electric vehicle-Rava i
         Reva electric carhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahindra_Electric

Where the world is heading?!

Tesla, the Dominant electric vehicle industry in the world. There were other companies like Nissan and Benz which were giving competition to Tesla.
Model S was the first car that was launched by Tesla in 2012, which has a range of 325 miles and goes up to 0-60 km in 2.4 seconds. Model 3 is the car that will be launched in 2020 by Tesla which will be having a range of 625miles (1000km).
Apart from Tesla, Nissan leaf is also an electric car were range and speed numbers close to tesla cars.

Electric vehicle- Tesla-Model-3
                                                        Tesla Model 3

Public transport and Heavy-duty vehicle transitioning into Electric

Metro has been introduced to many cities. Presently metro is one of the prominent public transport systems in cities like Bangalore and Delhi. further to increase electric usage Indian government has sanctioned nearly 6000 electric buses in 64 cities. These buses expected to travel 4 billion kilometers and save up to 1.2 billion liters of fuel which will avoid 2.6 million tonnes of CO2 emission.
With the advancement of lithium-Ion batteries, Electric trucks also stepping into the market. Semi-truck, milk float, and garbage trucks are transitioning into fully electric.
Tesla has announced its semi-truck which will go on sale by 2020. It has been made up of such advanced technology, to give an example drag coefficient of Tesla semi-truck is lesser than Bugatti Veyron ( Drag coefficient is a resistance of an object to fluids like air and water ).

Electric vehicle- Tesla-semiTruck
                                    Tesla heavy-duty vehicle

What are the myths of electric vehicles?!

Even though I have cleared you about the electric vehicle present-future technologies, But there are many myths of EV’s.

  • EV’s are slower than golf carts. Quickest electric car can reach 0-60miles in 2.4 seconds which is quicker than the world’s fastest car Bugatti Veyron. where in an Emflux-one E-bike which can go up to 0-100km in 3 seconds.
  • EVs are unsafe. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) gave 5 stars to Nissan and Tesla models. Fire explosion from Lithium-ion powered vehicles is slightly less than a gasoline-powered vehicle.
  • They are not greener than a Gasoline vehicle. A single petrol vehicle generates 313 grams of CO2 in real-world fuel – life cycle emission that means it will affect its surrounding environment. But where in electric vehicles generate 200 grams of CO2 but they don’t affect local air quality. If you use Solar-powered electricity then the pollution is completely zero.
  • Electric vehicle servicing is costly. This can be considered as the biggest myth because electric vehicles don’t need frequent care like oil changing or tune-up as we do in gasoline vehicles since the electric vehicle has less than 20 moving parts wherein gasoline vehicles having more than 5000 moving parts.

Environmental aspects of EVs?!

The main benefit of EVs is a reduction in air pollution. They do not emit harmful pollutants like hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, ozone, and lead. But the place where electricity is generated will be affected by pollutants. Charging via solar panels yields very low carbon footprints.
In traditional gasoline vehicles, most of the fuel energy will be lost by heat, but in an electric vehicle, most of the energy stored in the battery converted to driving vehicles.

Why India needs Electric vehicle?!

During 1900 about 38% of vehicles were electric in America, now is  time for Indians to repeat that history by increasing in use of an electric vehicle.
Why conventional vehicles in a verge of extinction in India;-

  1. India is the 3rd largest crude oil-consuming country in the world. In cities like Bangalore for 1 and a half crore population, there are 75 Lakhs of vehicles. Hence so much of the need for crude oil, the government is failing to fulfill this demand hence there is a drastic increase in crude oil price.
  2. Fuel costs. if you consider an electric vehicle which gives a200km range and consuming 20 units of electricity. Approximately 20 units of electricity, it costs you 120 Rupees in cities like Bangalore, Delhi, and Mumbai. But if you consider a gasoline vehicle that has a mileage of 15km needs 1200 rupees for 200km(77 rupees per 1-liter petrol).
  3. Pollution is one of the strong reasons for the need for electric vehicles. Not just air pollution, it also includes sound pollution too. Talking about air pollution, 13 out of 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India. A city like Delhi attributing 40% to vehicular emission, 21.5% to dust and 18% to Industry. The Health cost of air pollution in India has been assessed at 3% of its GDP.
  4. Financial supports from the government; Lowering GST from 12 percent to 5 percent for electric vehicles.
  5. 1.5 Lakhs tax exemption will be given on loan taken for the purchase of an electric vehicle.
  6. One of the serious problems in which the Electric industry facing is Charging stations. Considering this Government has sanctioned Rupees 10,000 Crores for charging infrastructure.

Conclusion

Considering all the above points, We all know that electric vehicle is the future of the automobile industry. Considering aspects like pollution, refinery oil, and etc the  Government has been striving hard to increase its sales. Now it is time for common people to step up and use more electric vehicles.

 

 

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